Eye Health (Optic)

What is eye health?

Eyesight is one of the most important senses. 80% of what we perceive is possible by our sense of sight. By paying attention to eye health, you can minimize the possibility of blindness and vision loss. At the same time, you can prevent  eye diseases such as cataracts and glaucoma.

Some eye diseases can lead to vision loss, so it’s important to detect and treat eye diseases as early as possible.

Eye care tips

Visual impairment has a significant impact on people’s quality of life. Maintaining eye health and preventing possible diseases is a healthy habit that should always be followed. Things to consider to protect your eye health:

  • Eating a healthy and balanced diet: Eating fish high in omega-3 fatty acids, such as salmon, tuna and halibut, has a positive effect on eye health.
  • Maintaining a healthy weight: Being obese or overweight increases your risk of diabetes. People with diabetes are at higher risk of developing diabetic retinopathy or glaucoma.
  • Wearing sunglasses: Exposure to the sun can cause serious damage to your eyes. May increase the risk of cataracts and age-related macular degeneration. Protect your eyes by wearing sunglasses that block 99% to 100% of both UV-A and UV-B radiation.
  • Resting the eyes: If you spend a lot of time in front of the computer, your eyes are more likely to get tired. Experts recommend looking approximately 20 meters ahead of you for 20 seconds every 20 minutes to reduce eye strain.

Eye test and exams

An eye examination helps detect eye problems at the earliest stage. Regular eye examinations allow your doctor to give you the necessary information about caring for your eyes. An eye examination can also provide information about your general health..

How often should I have an eye exam?

Several factors can determine how often you need eye examinations, including your age, health, and your risk of developing eye problems.

Between the ages of 3 and 5, problems with vision and eye alignment are looked at. Having your your child’s eyesight checked before they start kindergarten  is recommended. Your child’s doctor can recommend how often eye examinations should be done from now on.

At the age of 40, when some vision changes and eye diseases are more likely to start, you should have an eye examination at least every 2 years. If you are 60 years or older, you should have eye check-ups every year.

If you wear glasses or contact lenses, have a family history of eye disease or vision loss, or have a chronic disease such as diabetes that puts you at greater risk for eye disease, you should go for eye checkups more often than the specified time intervals.


What are the major causes of vision loss?

Some vision losses occur suddenly, while others occur gradually. Partial blindness means limited vision, while complete blindness or blindness is the condition in which nothing is visible, including light.

Sudden vision loss most commonly develops due to occlusion of the eye vessels, intraocular hemorrhages and optic nerve disorders. Gradually developing vision loss is mostly due to conditions such as cataracts, eye defects, diabetes, age-related macular degeneration.

What should I know about diabetic retinopathy?

Diabetic retinopathy is a diatebetic complication caused by high blood sugar levels that damage the retina. It can cause blindness if left undiagnosed or untreated. But it often takes several years for diabetic retinopathy to reach a stage where it can threaten your eyesight.

What should I know about cataracts?

Cataract is an eye defect that occurs very common as we get older. You may not realize your cataracts at first, but over time, cataracts can make your vision blurry, hazy, or less colorful. You may have trouble reading or doing other daily activities.

Cataract can be treated with surgery. Cataract surgery is safe and corrects vision problems caused by cataracts.

What should I know about glaucoma?

Glaucoma is an eye disease that can damage a nerve at the back of your eye called the optic nerve, causing vision loss and blindness. It is very likely that you will not notice the symptoms because it progresses slowly. The only way to find out if you have glaucoma is to have a comprehensive eye examination. There is no cure for glaucoma, but early treatment can often stop the damage and save your vision.

What should I know about amblyopia or lazy eye?

Amblyopia is a vision defect caused by abnormal visual development early in life. The weak or lazy eye usually slides inwards or outwards. Amblyopia usually develops from birth to age 7 years. It is the leading cause of vision loss among children. Rarely, amblyopia  affects both eyes.

You can prevent problems with early diagnosis and treatment. The impaired eye can usually be corrected with glasses, contact lenses, or patch therapy.

What could be causing my vision to be cloudy?

“Cloudy” vision (foggy vision) can be caused by some of the same underlying eye problems, such as cataracts. “Cloudy” vision is when the object appears to be behind a foggy window or layer of haze. The main reasons for seeing “Cloudy” are:

Fuchs dystrophy


Yellow Spot Disease

Diabetic retinopathy.


What are the floaters or black dots in my vision?

Eye floaters are spots in your vision. These stains may look like black or gray spots, threads, or cobwebs. They can drift when you move your eyes.

Most floaters are caused by age-related changes that occur when the jelly-like substance inside your eye liquefies and contracts.

Will reading in the dark hurt eyesight?

While reading in low light does not permanently damage your vision, it can cause eye strain. Like any muscle in the body, the eyes weaken when overworked. Difficult visual works, such as reading in dim light, causes the eyes to get tired more quickly.

Will using glasses or contacts weaken eyesight?

There is information that wearing glasses weakens the eyesight, but this information is wrong. While glasses correct vision problems such as nearsightedness, farsightedness and astigmatism, they do not cause deterioration of our vision.

For More Information

Please do not hesitate to contact us for more information on the subject.