Breast Cancer

Breast cancer can be prevented with awareness which is ver common in women over 40. Early diagnosis saves many lives. The most important thing in this disease is follow-up and early diagnosis. After 40 years of age, the disease can be detected with mammography, which is recommended once a year, and treatment can be started directly. In North Cyprus with 5 star hotel service, beautiful nature and fresh air, we will be happy to be with you in this challenging process.

What is breast cancer?

Breast cancer is a type of cancer that rises in the breast. Breast cancer occurs when breast cells mutate and grow out of control, forming a tumor. Breast cancer can occur in both men and women, but is much more common in women.

Types of breast cancer

The type of breast cancer is determined by the specific cells in the breast that develop into cancer. There are many types of breast cancer and many different ways to describe them.

Types of breast cancer:

  1. Non-invasive breast cancers

1.1. Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS)

1.2. Lobular carcinoma in situ (LCIS)

  1. Invasive breast cancers

2.1. Invasive ductal carcinoma

2.2. Invasive lobular carcinoma

2.3. locally advanced breast cancer

2.4. metastatic breast cancer

  1. Breast cancer subtypes

3.1. Hormone receptor positive breast cancer

3.2. HER2-positive breast cancer

3.3. Triple negative breast cancer.

Causes of breast cancer

Breast cancer develops when abnormal cells in your breast divide and multiply. Experts do not know exactly what causes breast cancer in priority. Various risk factors that can cause breast cancer can be listed as such:

  • Age
  • Gender
  • Smoking
  • Alcohol
  • Obesity
  • Hormone therapy.

What are the early signs of breast cancer?

Knowing your breasts’ normal look is important for your health. It is important to have regular screening tests to diagnose breast cancer, but mammograms may not detect every breast cancer. Therefore, you can observe the first signs by being aware of any changes in your breasts.

What are the signs and symptoms of breast cancer?

A new lump or area of thickened tissue in both breasts that was not there before

Change in size or shape of one or both breasts

Fluid coming from the nipples,

Lump or swelling in any of the armpits,

Various conditions such as a rash, crusting, scaly or itchy skin, or a rash on or around the nipple can be signs of breast cancer.


How is breast cancer diagnosed?

Breast examination


Breast ultrasound


Breast magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is a method of breast cancer diagnosis.

What are the breast cancer stages?


There are two types of breast carcinoma in situ.

  1. STAGE I:
  1. STAGE II:


Who is mainly affected by breast cancer?

People mostly affected by breast cancer are women. Breast cancers usually occur in women 50 years of age or older. Having a risk factor does not mean you will get the disease, and not all risk factors have the same effect.

What age does breast cancer occur?

Breast cancer is the most common type of cancer among adults aged 15 to 39, and a review from 2021 found that 30 percent of all cancers in this age group were breast cancer.

What race is most affected by breast cancer?

Studies have shown that white women are more likely to develop breast cancer than black, Hispanic and Asian women. However, black women have been found to be more likely to develop more aggressive and advanced breast cancer.

How common is breast cancer?

Breast cancer is the most common cancer among women and the second most common cause of death after lung cancer. Breast cancer accounts for 24% of women’s cancers and 14% of cancer deaths. One out of every 8 women is diagnosed with breast cancer.

Can cancer form in other parts of the breast?

The breast consists of three main parts: lobules, ducts and connective tissue. Lobules are the glands that produce milk, ducts are the tubes that carry milk to the nipple, and connective tissue is a structure that surrounds everything. Breast cancer can start in different parts of the breast, but most breast cancers start in the ducts or lobules.


Can breast cancer be prevented?

To prevent breast cancer, you can take the fundamental measures as such;

  • Being at a healthy weight,
  • Being physically active,
  • Choosing not to get alcohol or to get responsibly.

What are the treatments for breast cancer?

Breast cancer is treated in various ways. This depends on the type of breast cancer and how far it has spread.

  • Operation
  • Chemotherapy
  • Hormonal therapy
  • Biological therapy

Breast cancer surgery

There are two main types of surgery for breast cancer:

Breast-conserving surgery is done to remove cancerous cells and some surrounding normal tissues.

Mastectomy is a surgery in which the entire breast is removed, including all breast tissue and sometimes other nearby tissue.

Chemotherapy for breast cancer

In breast cancer chemotherapy drugs are used to target and destroy breast cancer cells. Breast cancer chemotherapy is often used in addition to other treatments such as surgery, radiation, or hormone therapy. Chemotherapy can be used to increase the chances of cure, reduce the risk of the cancer returning, relieve symptoms caused by cancer, or help people with cancer live longer with a better quality of life.

Radiation therapy for breast cancer

In radiation therapy, high-energy X-rays, protons is used  to kill cancer cells. Rapidly growing cells, such as cancer cells, are more sensitive to radiation therapy than normal cells.

Hormone therapy for breast cancer

Hormone therapy for breast cancer is a treatment for hormone-sensitive breast cancers. The most common forms of hormone therapy are methods of blocking hormones from binding to receptors on cancer cells or reducing production of hormones by the body.

Immunotherapy for breast cancer

Immunotherapy is a method used to treat some types of breast cancer. Immunotherapy is the use of drugs to strengthen a person’s own immune system in order to more effectively recognize and destroy cancer cells.

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